Eugene Garfield Award for Innovation in Citation Analysis

Established in 2017, this international award honors Eugene Garfield’s legacy of generosity and support for scientists around the world. It recognizes early career researchers in scientometrics developing innovative techniques in citation analysis that deepen our understanding of scientific and scholarly communication.

2022 Award Winner
Dr. Saeed Ul Hassan

The late Dr. Saeed Ul Hassan’s proposal focused on improving science communications using AI. His project was to develop an automated, freely available online tool that would both simplify and summarize text from scientific literature, addressing the real-world challenge of making scientific papers approachable and accessible to the public.

Sadly, Dr. Ul Hassan passed away suddenly before he could be informed of his success.


Dr. Saeed Ul Hassan

Senior lecturer in AI/Data Science, Manchester Metropolitan University

Prior Eugene Garfield Award Winners


Elena Pallari

Elena Pallari

Post-graduate researcher, University College London, Clinical Trials and Methodology

Read the interview


Dr. Giacomo Livan

Dr. Giacomo Livan

EPSRC Digital Economy Early Career Fellow (Lecturer on Proleptic Appointment)
Department of Computer Science, University College London


Dr Erija Yan

Dr. Erija Yan

Associate Professor of Information Science
Drexel University College of Computing and Informatics

Read the interview


Dr Orion Penner

Dr. Orion Penner

Researcher and Ambizione Fellow in the Chair of Innovation and IP Policy
College of Management of Technology at École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne


Dr Jian Wang

Dr. Jian Wang

Assistant Professor in the Science Based Business Program, Faculty of Science
Leiden University

Read the interview

The Legacy of Eugene Garfield,
Ph.D. (1925-2017)

Founder of the Institute for
Scientific Information (ISI) and
Inventor of the Science
Citation Index (SCI)

With the SCI, Eugene Garfield introduced the concept of
citation indexing for the scientific literature. SCI data also
served as a foundation for quantitative studies in the
history and sociology of science and eventually gave
birth to the field of scientometrics.

“[Garfield] saw in his creations a better science for society and the ideal of a unified body of knowledge accessible to all.”
— Paul Wouters, professor of scientometrics and director of the Centre for Science and Technology Studies at Leiden University, the Netherlands


2023 The Web of Science Core Collection now covers:
21K+ journals
87M source items
2B cited references
2016 Clarivate acquires the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) product range and continues the original business and intellectual legacy of Eugene Garfield.

Garfield’s innovative products have been used by researchers seeking the best research papers in their disciplines and by administrators seeking to understand the impact of journals and the evolution of ideas captured in the literature, as well as to evaluate the research performance of universities, government programs and researchers.

1997 The Web of Science is introduced — as a web version combining Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI).

SCI and SSCI coverage
1900 to present

A&HCI coverage
1975 to present

1992 Thomson Corporation acquires ISI.
1990 Journal Citation Reports (JCR) becomes its own product and publishes for each indexed journal:
  • impact factor
  • total papers
  • total citations
  • self-citations
  • citing and cited journal data
  • cited and citing half-life data
  • immediacy index
1988 CD-ROM version of the SCI is introduced. Digital versions eliminated manual searching through multiple and heavy printed volumes and increased adoption.
1978 ISI introduces the A&HCI.
1976 ISI publishes the first JCR.
1973 ISI introduces the SSCI.
1964 ISI publishes the first SCI, fulfilling Garfield’s original proposal in 1955 for citation indexing of scientific literature.
1962 “I think you’re making history, Gene!”
So said Nobel laureate and molecular biologist Joshua Lederberg to his friend Eugene Garfield while they were building the SCI.
1960 Eugene Garfield establishes ISI in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States as a commercial entity to produce a wide range of current awareness and information retrieval products.

ISI (1960-1992) was an innovative and risk-taking organization that pioneered many new concepts while rapidly adopting the latest technology in

  • Information processing
  • Information storage
  • Methods of information dissemination

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